The stigma around epilepsy in the UK is shameful, according to the Observer. In an edition published yesterday (March 9th), the British newspaper called for an end to the misunderstandings that abound regarding the neurological condition, adding a dearth of good practice in healthcare “must be addressed urgently”. Patients are waiting “too long to see a specialist”, with people with read more
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The diabetes drug rosiglitazone can curb the brain damage that causes epilepsy in some malaria patients, a study has found.
In nine out of ten cases, a diagnosis of childhood focal idiopathic epilepsy made after a single seizure does not need to be revised at follow up. This is according to researchers at the Istituto Giannina Gaslini in Genoa, Italy, who studied 107 patients whose first seizures occurred between the ages of two and 13 years. Each subject was followed read more
A neurologist has drawn attention to the importance of monitoring units in the fight against epilepsy-related mortalities.
Children who show epileptiform discharges following the diagnosis of fever-induced seizures are more likely to develop epilepsy in the longer term, according to a recent study. The report, which was published in last month’s edition of Clinical EEG Neuroscience, compared the records of 378 patients with complex febrile seizures (FS), each undergoing an electroencephalogram (EEG) following their diagnosis. Some 51 read more
Drug-resistant epilepsies caused by brain tumours should be treated with surgery as soon as possible to prevent cognitive deterioration, according to a new study. The report, which was published in the February edition of Neurosurgery, took the form of a retrospective review of 29 paediatric patients who underwent surgical resection between 2000 and 2011. At their final follow-up, some 76 read more
Researchers have found a way to manipulate nerve cells using light – a technique they believe could be used to treat epilepsy.
Taiwanese researchers have reportedly developed a brain implant that can bring a seizure under control in 0.8 seconds.
A ten-year study has found children and adolescents with epilepsy often show emotional, behavioural and social problems in the long-term – even if identified as well-functioning at diagnosis. Researchers at Uppsala University, Sweden surveyed a cohort of 31 patients, each of whom had been described as well-functioning by their doctors when diagnosed with the neurological condition a decade previously. Some read more
US researchers have succeeded in creating new nerve cells in the brains and spinal cords of living mammals, without the need for stem cell transplants. They believe this could be harnessed to repair traumatic brain injuries – one of the causes of post-traumatic epilepsy. It could also be used to regenerate cells following spinal cord damage. The researchers, from the read more
Anger appears to be a “distinctive feature” of depression when it manifests as a comorbidity of epilepsy, according to a new report. The study, published in the Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine, compared 487 adults with the neurological condition against a control group comprising 85 patients with idiopathic major depression. Each participant completed the Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology Self-Report (IDS-SR) read more
A recent study has concluded that successfully treated rolandic epilepsy leads to more positive adult social outcomes than other forms of the condition. Researchers from Dalhousie University and the IWK Health Centre in Halifax, Canada reviewed medical records and carried out structured telephone interviews with 32 adults who developed rolandic epilepsy in childhood. Each participant was in remission and had read more
The Epilepsy Foundation has called on US lawmakers to improve access to cannabis-derived drugs.
People with epilepsy are more likely to self-harm than the general population, according to new research from the University of Oxford. Mental health conditions such as depression are known to carry a greatly elevated risk of self-inflicted injury, but according to a review of hospital admissions made this month, common physical illnesses also moderately increase the likelihood of a patient read more
London publisher Jonathan Cape has reportedly bought the rights to A Smell of Burning, a new book by BBC radio producer Colin Grant that explores life with epilepsy. The title purports to be “a social, historical and cultural biography” of the neurological condition, according to the Bookseller. Jonathan Cape – which is part of the Random House group and has read more
A new smartphone application has been shown to help non-experts to identify the signs of an epileptic seizure with greater ease.
Patients’ beliefs about their medication strategy can affect the likelihood of their adherence to the treatment – a trend that needs to be recognised and managed by doctors.
A new study has shed light on the possible link between metabolic defects and seizures, a discovery that could aid future efforts to treat the condition.
Background Neurons usually communicate with each other via small gateways called synapses, using special chemicals known as neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters are either excitatory (causing the next neuron to fire a signal) or inhibitory (causing the next neuron to remain silent), and in order to work they must bind to a structure called a receptor. The major excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters in the read more
Background As mentioned previously, when neurons communicate with each other, they usually use chemical messengers called neurotransmitters. Other means also exist, but they aren’t as significant. Neurotransmitters can either be excitatory (triggering the next neuron to fire a signal) or inhibitory (causing the next neuron to stay silent). In epilepsy there is too much excitatory neurotransmitter present, and this can read more